Currently, the Department of Defense (DoD) and Department of Energy (DOE) are each leading institutes on behalf of the US Government, and additional lead agencies may be announced in the future.
The DoD, through the Manufacturing and Industrial Base Policy (MIBP) is currently leading six of the eight established institutes. There are two additional DoD-led institutes currently in the competition process. Besides providing federal funding, the DoD incorporates lessons learned by previous institute cycles, identifies a lead service for each institute, assembles technical teams, and provides the acquisition strategy to support cooperative agreement.
The DOE is leading two of the eight established institutes, one additional institute is in the negotiation phase, and two additional topics are in the competition process. Although very similar in nature to DoD institutes, the DOE institutes have a focus on clean energy.